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Hospital Management courses in India

The service industry is one of the most charming as well as one of the fastest growing industries not only in India but also throughout the world. And when this industry is combined with the hospitality industry then the onus reflected is more concrete and clear.

In recent times, health care concept of the people have undergone a tremendous change which has lead to higher expectations and an increased demand for high quality medical care and facilities. Here comes the importance of Health/ Hospital Management. It is the latest concept in the field of management and one of the most lucrative and important careers in the health sector.  A career in Hospital Management involves ensuring effective utilization of physical and financial resources of the hospital as well as creating an organizational climate beneficial to the growth and development of the personnel. It is a difficult, challenging, responsible and more over, a demanding job.

Hospitals and nursing homes are growing in large numbers. The medical staff working in these hospitals find very little time to handle non-medical day-to-day administrative affairs. Moreover, handling of such tasks requires management and professional skills which need constant devotion and upgradation. It is very difficult for doctors to spare time for such things.

Thus, Professional services of trained manpower namely Hospital administrators/ managers have now become essential to manage hospitals and medical facilities. It is the hospital administrators/ managers who manage hospitals, outpatient clinics, hospices, drug-abuse treatment centers etc. They would be responsible for overall patient care, education, research and community health care associated with the organization, and make sure that they conform to the rules of the Hospital. These people with the help of a team of assistants, look after the administrative affairs i.e plan, coordinate and direct the delivery of health services within a hospital. In early days, senior doctors used to perform the role of a hospital manager. But now things have changed and the services of these qualified professionals are required for the smooth functioning of hospitals. The services of these professionals go a long way in making the hospital more productive, profitable and comfortable for the patients.

A hospital administrator is overall in charge of administrative affairs of the hospital. He takes over the charge of various aspects of health administration and hospital administration vis-a-vis patients and health care. It envisages professional responsibility in various aspects - planning and control, management of the medical staff, demography and bio-statics, management and research in health care, epidemiology and community health and strategic management.

The nature of the job requires a number of qualities and essential attributes. The person should have decision - making capability based on up-to-date management principles and techniques. This envisages planning of future requirements like material, technical and financial. One should also be well versed with financial forward planning and should be responsible enough for the maintenance of the building.

The nature of the job requires management professionals and not doctors per se. Therefore, not only doctors and paramedicos, but ordinary graduates, too, can opt for the courses and enter the field. The administrative setup in large hospitals is generally categorised into two - medical and non - medical administration. Medical administration is handled by doctors but non-medical administrative setup does not require any technicality. It is in this field that more and more graduates are entering the field. So the minimum eligibility in such courses is graduation.

There are a number of courses being offered by different institutions. Most of the courses in hospital administration and management are offered at the post-graduate level. The duration of the course varies from one year to two years. However, some courses are also being offered at graduate level. But all such courses are exclusively for medical graduates.

Selection in most of institutions offering such courses is through a common entrance examination. The common entrance examination is followed by either Group Discussion and/ or Personal Interview. Aspirants having good score in graduation have a favourable chance in such common entrance examination. The nature of the entrance examination is purely non-academic oriented and is aimed to check general awareness and management skills.
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